Battle of Polygon Wood, Zonnebeke

4.7
#3 of 6 in Things to do in Zonnebeke
The Battle of Polygon Wood took place from 26 September to 3 October 1917, during the second phase of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War. The battle was fought near Ypres in Belgium, in the area from the Menin road to Polygon Wood and thence north, to the area beyond St Julien. Much of the woodland had been destroyed by the huge quantity of shellfire from both sides since 16 July and the area had changed hands several times. General Herbert Plumer continued the series of British general attacks with limited objectives. The attacks were led by lines of skirmishers, followed by small infantry columns organised in depth (a formation which had been adopted by the Fifth Army in August) with a vastly increased amount of artillery support, the infantry advancing behind five layers of creeping barrage on the Second Army front.

The advance was planned to cover 1,000–1,500 yd (910–1,370 m) and stop on reverse slopes, which were easier to defend, enclosing ground which gave observation of German reinforcement routes and counter-attack assembly areas. Preparations were then made swiftly to defeat German counter-attacks, by mopping-up and consolidating the captured ground with defences in depth. The attack inflicted a severe blow on the German 4th Army, causing many losses, capturing a significant portion of Flandern I Stellung the fourth German defensive position, which threatened the German hold on Broodseinde ridge. The better weather continued to benefit the British attackers by drying the ground, raising mist which obscured British infantry attacks made around dawn, then clearing to reveal German Eingreif (counter-attack) formations to air and ground observation, well in advance of their arrival on the battlefield. German methodical counter-attacks (Gegenangriffe) from 27 September – 3 October failed and German defensive arrangements were changed hastily after the battle to try to counter British offensive superiority.
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Battle of Polygon Wood Reviews

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  • There are still trees in Polygon Wood, unlike many of the old battlegrounds around Ypres. You first glimpse the big memorial through the cluster of trees, and can get a realistic impression of what...  more »
  • We were over in Belgium for our annual geocaching remembrance event at Polygon Wood, and The Black Watch Memorial These are such lovely peaceful places, well worth a visit if you’ve never been. We...  more »
Google
  • Very poignant memorial at Polygon wood and the associated ANZAC monument. Built on a huge Butte at the end of an old rifle range, the site was used as a hospital and first aid station during world war 1. A walk through the woods reveals multiple German bunkers and reinforcements and gives an insight into the challenge the allied troops faced. Polygon wood cemetery to the side also well worth a visit. Ample off road parking available at the attached car park.
  • So much history very peaceful here

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