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Trip Planner Asia  /  Japan  /  Kansai  /  Kyoto Prefecture  /  Muko


Sacred & Religious Sites · Historic Sites · Parks
Mukō is a city in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, which served as the capital city of Japan (Nagaoka-kyō) for a decade from 784 to 794. Its neighbor cities are Kyoto and Nagaokakyō. As of 2014, the city has an estimated population of 53,587 and a population density of 6,986.57 persons per km². The total area is 7.67 km²(2.96 sq mi). According to the provisional results of the 2010 national census of Japan, the population of Muko is 54,328; of which male and female are 26,159 and 28,169 respectively.HistoryClassical MukōAt the end of the 8th century, Emperor Kanmu moved his capital from Nara to Nagaokakyō. The new capital encompassed a large part of modern Muko, where modern research has revealed the palace to have been located. In the south, it also included parts of Nagaokakyō. In 794, because of the location's moist temperature and reputation as a breeding ground for disease, Kammu relocated his capital from Nagaoka to Heian, now known as Kyoto.Medieval MukōMuko town was established in 1592, during Azuchi–Momoyama period. The town main main road, called Saigoku Kaido, flourished because it connected Tō-ji in Kyoto and Nishinomiya Shrine in Settsu Province. Saigoku Kaido, which still presents a traditional and historical setting, changed name National Route 171 as important road.
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