Trip Planner: Africa / St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha / St Helena Island / High Knoll Fort
High Knoll Fort is a redoubt-style fort of the English East India Company on Saint Helena, an island and British overseas territory in the South Atlantic Ocean. High Knoll is 584 metres (1,916 ft) above sea level and is approximately one mile (1.6km) south of historic Lower Jamestown. Reopened on 18 December 2010, it is now a tourist attraction for visitors, especially those on the tourist ships that come in the summer (January through April).Add High Knoll Fort to your Jamestown travel itinerary, and discover new vacation ideas by using our Jamestown trip planner.
It looms over Jamestown, and was built to assist in defending the island against potential French invaders, being a redoubt for the islanders. The original fort was built in 1799 as a circular tower, sometimes referred to as a Martello tower, and along the lines of the tower at Simon's Town in South Africa. The purpose of the tower was to protect the rear approaches to the battery at Ladder Hill. The High Knoll tower was incorporated into the present structure, which dates from 1874, when the Royal Engineers rebuilt it.
During the Second Boer War, Boer prisoners from South Africa were briefly incarcerated at the Fort. (In addition, there were prisoner-of-war camps at Broadbottom, Deadwood No. 1, Deadwood No.2, and Jamestown.) Much later, the Fort served to quarantine imported chickens, sheep, and cattle. Then in the mid-1980s, NASA had a technician at the fort who ran a small tracking station.
Before it was rebuilt in the late 19th century High Knoll Fort was known as the Citadel. It is the largest, most prominent, and most complete of the forts and military installations on the island. The Saint Helena National Trust have begun a project to restore the fort. It is designated as a Grade I listed building.
High Knoll Fort reviews
Derek drove us to the Fort, once during day time and next after dark.Views were amazing and the whole area needs some cleaning and preservation more »
This is St Helena, and the attractions can be a bit raw and 'un polished' but hey, its a brilliant old rubble of a fort and the sunsets from the top are epic. more »
Great views over the island from here,
Amazing view. Much of the fort is still intact. Could use a little sprucing up. Should be used for outdoor events. Worth the hike up the hill.
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