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Schaffhausen is a town with historic roots, a municipality in northern Switzerland, and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 36,000. It is located right next to the shore of the High Rhine; it is one of four Swiss towns – besides Neuhausen a. Rhf., the historic Neunkirch and Stein a. Rh. – that is located on the northern side of the Rhine.The old portion of the town has many fine Renaissance era buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculpture, as well as the impressive old canton fortress, the Munot. Schaffhausen is also a railway junction of Swiss and German rail networks. One of the lines connects the town with the nearby Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Europe's largest waterfall, a tourist attraction.The official language of Schaffhausen is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.EtymologyThe town is first mentioned in 1045 as Villa Scafhusun. There are at least two theories on the origin of this name:Schaffhausen is in Canton of Schaffhausen. Take stress off the schedule by using our Switzerland trip planner.
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Top Schaffhausen tours
Rhine Falls Tour from Zurich BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $58
Duration: 3 hours 45 minutes
Popular things to do in Schaffhausen
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Museums in Schaffhausen
Duration:1 h 30 min
Historic Sites in Schaffhausen
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3 days in Schaffhausen BY A USER FROM SWITZERLAND March, popular sights PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 4 days in Canton of Schaffhausen BY A USER FROM SWITZERLAND July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 25 days in Switzerland BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, culture, historic sites, popular sights PREFERENCES: September, culture, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 2 days in Schaffhausen BY A USER FROM CANADA July, teens, popular sights PREFERENCES: July, teens ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 2 days in Schaffhausen BY A USER FROM CANADA July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 16 days in Germany, Switzerland & Bregenz BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES May, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, shopping, wildlife, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium